Working in France: Find out what life is like there. Work, culture, gastronomy and much more! Complete article with unmissable tips.
It is part of a series we created, called, “How is the worker’s life in” In this way, we will bring you exactly what your life would be like in another country? Did you like the idea? Let’s travel together then
What we will see in this article
How to work in France legally?
The foreigner, who enters France to take a salaried job, must have a work permit (also called of work authorization ). Otherwise, he cannot be hired.
The work permit may take the form of a visa or a residence permit, or a document other than a residence permit. Penalties are provided for in the case of employment of an illegal worker.
It should also be noted that Brazilian citizens without European citizenship can only stay up to 90 days in the country for tourism. To work in the country, you need a specific work visa.
Legal visa to work in France
These are some of the work permits that authorize foreigners to perform professional duties in France.
- You have a VLS-TS or a temporary residence permit
- You have a multi-year residence permit
- You have a temporary residence permit (APS)
- You have a receipt mentioning that you authorize the work
- You have a working vacation visa
- You are a seconded employee to a European service provider
- You come to work in France for a maximum period of 3 months
The visa can be obtained directly from Embassy of Brazil in France and applying directly on their website – Visa Application – remembering that there is a cost for issuing the document to be paid in Euros
What are the working hours in France?
The worker in France works 35 hours a week, unlike the Brazilian worker, who works 44 hours. So there you would work 9 hours less per week? How do you like that?
Since the working week is shorter, it is even one of the shortest in the European Union. Now, how do the French feed themselves before going to work? What is the most used means of transportation? What is the minimum wage?
In case you are also a leader in your company, it would be very interesting to have an experience outside your country!
Let’s find out about this and much more.
What is breakfast like in France?
The first item you can find at a French breakfast is bread, which is mostly served as a baguette. The French buy their baguettes in the bakery and not in the market, as here in Brazil.
And what do they put on the bread?
The first option is jam, there are different kinds, from strawberry or berries to peach, bitter orange, rhubarb or fig.
The second option is salted butter or sweet butter. Can you imagine yourself as a worker in France, in fact, a real Frenchman?
And to drink?
According to the website Discover Walks, at breakfast, the French usually dip their bread in a hot drink. Most French people have access to a coffee machine at work or at home. Cool, right! Here this is not yet common, but little by little we are finding companies that adhere to this idea.
The French are also very fond of tea and drink it without anything, even without sugar.
French breakfast usually includes fruit juice. It is an icy option to enhance the flavors in your mouth. Juices can be orange, grapefruit, apple, grape, or multifruit.
And finally, there is no shortage of candy. The chocolate croissant is the most requested, but they also eat a raisin bread in a spiral shape, which they call “pain aux raisins”. Also, the following sweets are commonly found in the French breakfast: brioche (bread made with butter and egg), chouquette (a kind of cake sprinkled with granulated sugar), madeleine (small shell-shaped cake).
About worker’s salaries and vacations in France
The minimum worker wage in France in 2019 was 1,521.22 Euros per month. French employees get 2.5 days of vacation for every month worked, with a minimum of 36 days of annual vacation.
Is there a working man’s holiday in France?
Yes! When working in France you will find that they have 11 days of holidays and some only local but very important holidays.
- January 1 (Saturday): New Year’s Day ( Jour de l’an )
- April 15 (Friday): Good Friday – Alsace and Moselle/Lorraine
- April 18 (Monday): Easter Monday ( Lundi de Pâques )
- May 1 (Sunday): Labor Day ( Fête du premier mai )
- May 8 (Sunday): World War II Victory Day ( Fête du huitième mai or Jour de la Victoire 45 )
- May 26 (Thursday): Ascension Day ( Jour de l’Ascension , 40 days after Easter)
- June 6 (Monday): Pentecost Monday – also known as Pentecost Monday ( Lundi de Pentecôte )
- July 14 (Thursday): Bastille Day ( Fête nationale )
- August 15 (Monday): Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary ( Assumption )
- November 1 (Tuesday): All Saints’ Day ( La Toussaint )
- November 11 (Friday): Armistice Day ( Jour d’armistice )
- December 25 (Sunday): Christmas Day ( Noël )
- December 26 (Monday): Boxing Day / St. Stephen’s Day (Deuxième jour de Noël) – Alsace and Moselle / Lorraine
Worker’s benefits in France
According to The Local, there are several benefits to working in France:
- Reduced Work Time (RTT) days for employees who go over 35 hours per week.
- Ticket to and from work.
- Subsidies of 50% for meals that must take place in restaurants, this occurs when the company does not have a place for its employees to eat. A total spend of 19 euros per day.
- Days off in case of marriage (four days off) or funeral (two days off in case of death of spouse or children). A day off for civil union.
- Health care allowance, insurance policy are also important when working in France.
- Maternity leave of 16 weeks, usually divided into 6 weeks before the birth and 10 weeks after. To access this right the mother must have been registered with the French social security system for at least 10 months before the birth, and must have worked at least 200 hours in the previous three months.
PS. The amount of leave for the worker in France is the full salary, with a ceiling of 3,031.00 euros per month, but some companies pay the full amount even if the maximum amount is exceeded. In the public sector there is no ceiling. Nor can the French employee be fired while on leave.
- Paternity leave of eleven consecutive days after the birth of the child, including the weekend, however if twins are born six days off will be added to the father’s leave. In most cases, the government is responsible for making the payment during the leave, with similar limits on maternity leave earnings.
- Thirteenth month bonus, in the French collective bargaining agreements, there are certain sectors, such as employees of law firms who are not lawyers and who are entitled to the 13th salary. However, it is not mandatory for all employers.
- Council of employees, a right granted to employees who work in larger companies, the council is formed by the employees themselves and among the services is the granting of discounted tickets for cultural activities such as cinema and performing arts, there are also travel benefits.
Public system in France
On average French private network workers take about 33 vacation days per year, but civil servants can take an average of 42 vacation days. Overall, the civil service in France is similar to Brazil’s, in that workers are paid better in the public sector. Data from the French Economic Observatory.
How public transportation works in France
The easiest way to get around Paris is by subway. You can use your metro ticket on the subway, buses, and RER (Paris suburban train system) within the city limits.
How to get jobs to work in France?
According to the website Economist Intelligence, the 2020 cost of living in Paris was 2nd highest in Europe, so a job needs to anticipate the high cost of living in the French capital and other cities that offer jobs. Below we have some job sites as tips for you, remembering that you should not accept a job without having all the certainty and confirmations that it is a real offer.
If you want to contact French companies through Linkedin, you need to have a great and complete profile on this social network. We also have several links to job openings in Brazil, in case you still need to stay here and save up more money until you go to France.
- Jobs sites in Brazil
What’s up? Did you feel like going to work in France?
Tell us your opinion and/or experience, we would like to know a little more about France through your experience.
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